SOCIAL STUDIES

HIGHLIGHTED NOTES

PHIPPSBURG DIG

13 October 1998

PHIPPSBURG - (Fort St. George)

Diggers from:

Virginia

Massachusetts

Maine

Looking for 390-year old signs of life.

Dr. Jeffrey P. Brain (Archaeologist)

P. = Phipps

Overseer

Looking for Storehouse.

Found Northeast Post hole

Unique site

Colony failed

Only here 14 months

Efforts in New World

Companion colony of Jamestown

Colony brief

Sincere

Found map 1997 from 1607.

Made 2 months after colonists arrived

Plymouth colony

Came later

Successful because failures at Popham, Fort St. George

Roanoke Colony

Failed

Remains undiscovered

 

Jamestown Connection

Artifacts

Patricia Stemheimer (archaeologist)

Layers of stratification (preserved & classified) above 1607/8

Coal in the middle (probably fire area)

Clam shells

Alex King (archaeologist)

Found Civil War Penny near water’s edge

 

Some Discoveries

Waste matter

Lead (melted lead for musket balls)

Daub (Technique for insulation)

Wattle (Technique for insulation)

Charred layer of wood (storehouse)

Posts were laid every 9 ˝ feet (map said 9’)

Fort was not elaborately constructed (As map indicated)

Incredibly rich site.

Maine coast contributed to colony’s downfall.

Summers were marvelous

Winters were terrible

Colony lost two leaders

Men in colony bickered

Abandoned fort.

Lessons

English settlement in New England

Send strong leaders

Families

Strong faith

Strong in spirit